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[8] The link between Antoninus' family and their home province explains the increasing importance of the post of Proconsul of Gallia Narbonensis during the late Second Century. Marcus Galerius Aurelius Antoninus (died before 138); his sepulchral inscription has been found at the Mausoleum of Hadrian in Rome. Sa famille est originaire de … [95], One highlight during his reign occurred in 148, with the nine-hundredth anniversary of the foundation of Rome being celebrated by the hosting of magnificent games in Rome. [46] On the Northern Black Sea coast, the Greek city of Olbia was held against the Scythians. Il adopta envers les Chrétiens la même politique de méfiance libérale (ou de tolérance méfiante) que ses prédécesseurs Trajan et Hadrien. [38], His reign was the most peaceful in the entire history of the Principate,[39] notwithstanding the fact that there were several military disturbances throughout the Empire in his time. In: Jean-Louis Voisin, "Les Romains, chasseurs de têtes". [103] In 160, Marcus and Lucius were designated joint consuls for the following year. He decreased the silver purity of the denarius from 89% to 83.5% – the actual silver weight dropping from 2.88 grams to 2.68 grams.[46][97]. Cependant, il maintint en vigueur les mesures qui freinaient le prosélytisme juif. Thus he prohibited the application of torture to children under fourteen years, though this rule had exceptions. Julia Balbilla a possible lover of Sabina: A. R. Birley (1997). Il leur avait répondu que ces individus ne devaient nullement être maltraités tant qu’ils ne seraient pas trouvés à comploter contre l’Empire romain. ). Titus Aurelius Fulvius Antoninus Pius, plus connu sous le nom d'Antonin le Pieux, naquit à Lanuvium en 86 de notre ère dans une famille de riches propriétaires. Il est tout aussi exact que, sous Antonin, aucune guerre ne fut déclarée et qu’aucune révolte majeure n’éclata dans les provinces. Two days before his death, the biographer reports, Antoninus was at his ancestral estate at Lorium, in Etruria,[105] about twelve miles (19 km) from Rome. 138 – 161 ANTONIN LE PIEUX. [34] Epigraphical and prosopographical research has revealed that Antoninus' imperial ruling team centered around a group of closely knit senatorial families, most of them members of the priestly congregation for the cult of Hadrian, the sodales Hadrianales. In spite of an extensive building directive – the free access of the people of Rome to drinking water was expanded with the construction of aqueducts, not only in Rome but throughout the Empire, as well as bridges and roads – the emperor still managed to leave behind a sizable public treasury of around two and a half million sesterces. [11], Some time between 110 and 115, Antoninus married Annia Galeria Faustina the Elder. Si la Pâque juive est la fête de la libération, la Pâques chrétienne, elle, célèbre la Résurrection du Christ. Antoninus was raised by his maternal grandfather Gnaeus Arrius Antoninus,[3] reputed by contemporaries to be a man of integrity and culture and a friend of Pliny the Younger. Son buste nu à droite. Son corps fut placé dans le mausolée d'Hadrien, une colonne lui fut dédiée sur le Campus Martius, et le temple qu'il avait construit en 141 dans le … [115][116][117] The Roman mission came from the south (therefore probably by sea), entering China by the frontier province of Jiaozhi at Rinan or Tonkin (present-day northern Vietnam). Antonin le Pieux fut un empereur romain qui régna de 138 à 161. Antoninus in many ways was the ideal of the landed gentleman praised not only by ancient Romans, but also by later scholars of classical history, such as Edward Gibbon[125] or the author of the article on Antoninus Pius in the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition. [50] Also, in the absence of urban development and the ensuing Romanization process, the rear of the wall could not be lastingly pacified. [Bernard Rémy] -- Antonin est considéré comme le parangon des vertus du grand souverain pacifique et bienfaisant. Rather than give occasion to that oppression which he regarded as inseparable from an emperor's progress through his dominions, he was content to spend all the years of his reign in Rome, or its neighbourhood.[10]. [32]There seems to have been some opposition to Antoninus' appointment on the part of other potential claimants, among them his former consular colleague Lucius Catilius Severus, then Prefect of the city. [20] He had various coins with her portrait struck in her honor. Sa famille est originaire de … Jusqu’au milieu du IIe siècle, la principale fête chrétienne ne rappelait donc pas le principal dogme, le dogme fondateur de la religion chrétienne, mais coïncidait avec la grande fête nationale (voire nationaliste) juive ! He died of illness in 161 and was succeeded by his adopted sons Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus as co-emperors. Antonin le Pieux ( à Lanuvium, Latium - 7 mars 161) est un empereur romain, qui régna de 138 à 161.Par son père Titus Aurelius Fulvus, consul en 89, et son grand-père Titus … "L'esclave en droit romain ou l'impossible réification de l’homme". Antonin le Pieux. As a hallmark of the increased connection between jurists and the imperial government,[87] Antoninus' reign also saw the appearance of the Institutes of Gaius, an elementary legal manual for beginners (see Gaius (jurist)). Non parce qu’il fréquentait assidûment les temples, et en particulier celui de Mithra, dont il avait introduit le culte à Rome, mais plutôt parce qu’il avait manifesté sa piété filiale à de multiples occasions. [19] In honour of her memory, he asked the Senate to deify her as a goddess, and authorised the construction of a temple to be built in the Roman Forum in her name, with priestesses serving in her temple. Sur ce socle reposait la Colonne de l’empereur Antonin le Pieux, retrouvée en 1703 dans le Campo Marzio, près de Montecitorio, là où la dépouille de l’empereur fut brûlée. He is credited with the splitting of the imperial treasury, the Fiscus. Et pourquoi beaucoup de Chrétiens renoncèrent-ils à cet espoir de libération juste au moment où la dernière grande révolte juive était écrasée par les légions d’Hadrien ? J.-C. (891-914 de la fondation de Rome). – 1643 C.E. [57] In both cases, Antoninus was not in formal charge of the ensuing repression: Priscianus committed suicide and Titianus was found guilty by the Senate, with Antoninus abstaining from sequestering their families' properties. [58], There were also some troubles in Dacia Inferior which required the granting of additional powers to the procurator governor and the dispatch of additional soldiers to the province. [114][118] The text specifically states that it was the first time there had been direct contact between the two countries. The wall, however, was soon gradually decommissioned during the mid-150s and eventually abandoned late during the reign (early 160s), for reasons that are still not quite clear. Antonin le Pieux, Titus Aurelius Fulvus Boionius Antoninus est un Empereur romain de 138 à 161 ap. À partir du milieu du IIe siècle, les Chrétiens, eux, célèbreront leur Pâques le dimanche qui suit cette date. Marcus consented to Antoninus' proposal. [27] He was next appointed by the Emperor Hadrian as one of the four proconsuls to administer Italia,[28] his district including Etruria, where he had estates. [12] Antoninus made few initial changes when he became emperor, leaving intact as far as possible the arrangements instituted by Hadrian. He not only had no originality or power of initiative, but he had not even the insight or boldness to work further on the new lines marked out by Hadrian. 12.18 and 12.20. Husband of Ulpia Marciana: Levick (2014), p. 161. [60] In the East, Roman suzerainty over Armenia was retained by the choice in AD 140 of Arsacid scion Sohaemus as client king. [7] Titus Aurelius Fulvius was the son of a senator of the same name, who, as legate of Legio III Gallica, had supported Vespasian in his bid to the Imperial office and been rewarded with a suffect consulship, plus an ordinary one under Domitian in 85. [88] However, it must be stressed that Antoninus extended, by means of a rescript, the use of torture as a means of obtaining evidence to pecuniary cases, when it had been applied up until then only in criminal cases. Sister of Trajan's father: Giacosa (1977), p. 7. Or ce sont les communautés d’Asie mineure, fortement teintées de judaïsme, qui, saint Polycarpe de Smyrne en tête, restèrent le plus longtemps et le plus farouchement attachées à la date juive. Dans tous les domaines, l’empereur se contenta de gérer l’Empire en « bon père de famille », sans faiblesse mais sans génie. Marcus Aurelius Fulvus Antoninus (died before 138); his sepulchral inscription has been found at the Mausoleum of Hadrian in Rome. Scholars name Antoninus Pius as the leading candidate for an individual identified as a friend of Rabbi Judah the Prince. Alors, parler d’apogée, tout est relatif ! Other opinions cited suggest "Antoninus" was. all disputes, if any, should be resolved peacefully. [10] The Arrii Antonini were an older senatorial family from Italy, very influential during Nerva's reign. Their union could not produce any legitimate offspring who could threaten any heirs, such as those of Antoninus. by H. Bengtson, Stuttgart 1954] that the reign of Antoninus comprised "a succession of grossly wasted opportunities", given the upheavals that were to come. A flamen, or cultic priest, was appointed to minister the cult of the deified Antoninus, now Divus Antoninus. La lettre d’Antonin concernant les Chrétiens ne constitue donc ni un blanc-seing, ni un certificat de bonne vie et mœurs pour l’ensemble de la communauté chrétienne, loin de là ! [28], He acquired much favor with Hadrian, who adopted him as his son and successor on 25 February 138,[30] after the death of his first adopted son Lucius Aelius,[31] on the condition that Antoninus would in turn adopt Marcus Annius Verus, the son of his wife's brother, and Lucius, son of Lucius Aelius, who afterwards became the emperors Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus. [78] Also, Antoninus left behind him a reputation for stinginess and was probably determined not to leave his personal property to be "swallowed up by the demands of the imperial throne". Il naquit le 19 septembre 86 à Lanuvium , petite ville de la … Grant opines that Antoninus and his officers did act in a resolute manner dealing with frontier disturbances of his time, although conditions for long-lasting peace were not created. C’est d’ailleurs à ce moment que, très progressivement et au prix de grosses prises de bec, que les Chrétiens commencent à ne plus célébrer la Pâques à la même date que les Juifs. ", "Antoninus Pius (A.D. 138–161) De Imperatoribus Romanis", L. Catilius Severus Iulianus Claudius Reginus, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Antoninus_Pius&oldid=993829549, Articles with dead external links from October 2016, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Titus Aurelius Fulvus Boionius Arrius Antoninus (birth), Imperator Caesar Titus Aelius Hadrianus Antoninus Augustus Pius. [42] Similar disturbances took place in Judea, and amongst the Brigantes in Britannia, none of them being considered serious. Au cours du règne d’Antonin le Pieux (138- 161), une grande partie de la ville fut reconstruite. In 156, Antoninus Pius turned 70. [79], The res privata lands could be sold and/or given away, while the patrimonium properties were regarded as public. Ne démontre-t-elle pas que la « religion » chrétienne est restée fidèle aux cérémonies juives, beaucoup plus longtemps que les historiens chrétiens ne l’admettent communément ? Antoninus was known as an avid observer of rites of religion and of formal celebrations – both Roman and foreign. Dans l’esprit d’Hadrien, le règne son fils adoptif devait être de courte durée et Antonin un empereur de transition… Mais le bon Antonin était plus solide qu’il ne le croyait et tint les rênes de l’Empire pendant 23 longues années ! Il est vrai que l’Empire, à cette époque, avait atteint son extension géographique maximale. One of his first acts as Emperor was to persuade the Senate to grant divine honours to Hadrian, which they had at first refused;[34] his efforts to persuade the Senate to grant these honours is the most likely reason given for his title of Pius (dutiful in affection; compare pietas). According to the German historian H.G. He started nibbling on dry bread to give him the strength to stay awake through his morning receptions. Denier d’Antonin le Pieux (138-161 ap J-C), 17mm, 3.10g, en argent (fourré ? [75] Secondly, the res privata, the "private" properties tied to the personal maintenance of the Emperor and his family,[76] something like a Privy Purse. Esclavage et travail forcé, First Apology of Justin Martyr, Chapter LXVIII, A. Mischcon, Abodah Zara, p.10a Soncino, 1988. The only intact account of his life handed down to us is that of the Augustan History, an unreliable and mostly fabricated work. Wife of M. Annius Verus: Giacosa (1977), p. 10. [121][122] This may have been the port city of Kattigara, described by Ptolemy (c. 150) as being visited by a Greek sailor named Alexander and lying beyond the Golden Chersonese (i.e., Malay Peninsula). Kornemann's brief is that Antoninus might have waged preventive wars to head off these outsiders. One modern scholar has written "It is almost certain not only that at no time in his life did he ever see, let alone command, a Roman army, but that, throughout the twenty-three years of his reign, he never went within five hundred miles of a legion". Jusqu’à cette époque, ce prosélytisme concurrençait fortement, et souvent avec grand succès, la propagande chrétienne. En l’occurrence celle des Hébreux d’Égypte. [109] His death closed out the longest reign since Augustus (surpassing Tiberius by a couple of months). Le règne d’Antonin, ce fut un peu « l’immobilisme au pouvoir ». Wife of M. Annius Libo: Levick (2014), p. 163. Mischcon cites various sources, "SJ Rappaport... is of opinion that our Antoninus is Antoninus Pius." Nevertheless, Antoninus assumed power without opposition. Il aurait ainsi donné le bras à son père naturel, qui, claudiquant, éprouvait de grandes difficultés à gravir les marches du Sénat.

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